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Climate & Temperature > Turkey > Istanbul Climate
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Istanbul Climate & Temperature

Istanbul Climate Graph
  • Istanbul, Turkey is at 4058'N, 294'E, 40 m (131 ft). See map.
  • Istanbul has a humid subtropical climate that is mild with no dry season, constantly moist (year-round rainfall). Summers are hot and muggy with thunderstorms. Winters are mild with precipitation from mid-latitude cyclones. Seasonality is moderate. (Kppen-Geiger classification: Cfa).
  • According to the Holdridge life zones system of bioclimatic classification Istanbul is situated in or near the warm temperate dry forest biome.
  • The average annual temperature is 14.1 degrees Celsius (57.4 degrees Fahrenheit). See the temperatures page for a monthly breakdown and the fixed scale graph.
  • Average monthly temperatures vary by 18 °C (32.4°F). This indicates that the continentality type is oceanic, subtype semicontinental.
  • In the winter time records indicate temperatures by day reach 9.3°C (48.8°F) on average falling to 3.3°C (38°F) overnight.
  • In spring time temperatures climb reaching 16°C (60.8°F) generally in the afternoon with overnight lows of 7.3°C (45.2°F).
  • During summer average high temperatures are 27°C (80.6°F) and average low temperatures are 17.7°C (63.8°F).
  • Come autumn/ fall temperatures decrease achieving average highs of 19.7°C (67.4°F) during the day and lows of 12.7°C (54.8°F) generally shortly after sunrise.
  • Total annual Precipitation averages 439 mm (17.3 inches) which is equivalent to 439 Litres/m (10.77 Gallons/ft).
  • On average there are 2421 hours of sunshine per year. Visit the sunshine and daylight section to check monthly details including how high in the sky the sun reaches each month.
  • If you were to burrow down through the Earth from Istanbul you would come out nearest to the climate station at Tubuai, French Polynesia where you would find a Tropical wet climate.
Climate Variable Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
maximum temperature iconAverage Max Temperature °C ( °F) 8 (46) 9 (48) 11 (52) 16 (61) 21 (70) 25 (77) 28 (82) 28 (82) 24 (75) 20 (68) 15 (59) 11 (52) 18 (64)
average temperature iconAverage Temperature °C ( °F) 6 (42) 6 (42) 7 (45) 12 (53) 17 (62) 21 (69) 23 (73) 24 (74) 20 (68) 17 (62) 12 (54) 8 (46) 14 (57)
minimum temperature iconAverage Min Temperature °C ( °F) 3 (37) 2 (36) 3 (37) 7 (45) 12 (54) 16 (61) 18 (64) 19 (66) 16 (61) 13 (55) 9 (48) 5 (41) 10 (50)
rainfall iconAverage Precipitation mm (in) 27 (1) 27 (1) 34 (1) 46 (2) 78 (3) 64 (3) 28 (1) 24 (1) 25 (1) 30 (1) 29 (1) 27 (1) 439 (17)
rain days iconNumber of Wet Days (probability of rain on a day) 12 (39%) 11 (39%) 10 (32%) 8 (27%) 6 (19%) 5 (17%) 3 (10%) 4 (13%) 6 (20%) 7 (23%) 11 (37%) 14 (45%)   97 (27%)
sunshine iconAverage Sunlight Hours/ Day 02:36 03:34 04:30 06:18 08:36 10:36 11:36 10:54 08:12 05:54 03:42 02:48   06:37
daylight iconAverage Daylight Hours & Minutes/ Day 09:35 10:34 11:52 13:16 14:27 15:03 14:47 13:46 12:25 11:02 09:51 09:16   12:00
sunny or cloudy iconPercentage of Sunny (Cloudy) Daylight Hours 28 (72) 34 (66) 39 (61) 48 (52) 60 (40) 71 (29) 79 (21) 80 (20) 67 (33) 54 (46) 38 (62) 31 (69)   55 (45)
sun altitude iconSun altitude at solar noon on the 21st day (). 29.1 38.4 49.3 60.9 69.2 72.5 69.4 61.1 49.7 38.2 29 25.6   49.3

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